Efficient Tank Cleaning

The cleaning of tanks and vessels is often an overlooked source of inefficiency in the manufacturing process. As an “unglamorous” and non-core process the true cost of cleaning is often neglected. However, with some thought significant efficiency gains can be achieved. As will be seen these efficiencies come from a combination of the 4 key elements of the cleaning process i.e. time, mechanical action, heat and chemical action. The focus of this article is on how quick wins can be achieved by improving the mechanical action element of the cleaning mix.

The balancing act – Any cleaning application has four components that contribute towards effective cleaning.

1- Time. The longer the cleaning if performed the greater the cleaning.

2- Chemicals. This is the dissolving effect of chemical cleaning fluids including water.

3- Mechanical action. This is physical action of the cleaning spray to dislodge residue.

4- Heat. Generally the hotter the cleaning fluid the better the cleaning action.

Increasing any of these 4 components will improve overall cleaning but there will be a cost associated with each. The cost of each of these elements will differ depending on application and there may well be other constraints in place. For example in food processing applications there will be limit on the types of chemical that can be applied.

The differential cost of each element is the key to efficient cleaning. Optimising the mix of elements is the process of increasing one element of the mix that has a lower cost (e.g. mechanical action) so that another element that has a higher cost (e.g. heat) can be reduced. The net cleaning power will remain the same but the cost associated with the cleaning process will be reduced.

Absolute efficiency gains Whilst overall efficiency can be gained by reconfiguring the contributions from each element it is clearly beneficial to strive for efficiencies in each element. If, for example, a cheaper method of heating can be found then this element in its own right becomes more efficient, and thus the whole process is more cost effective.

An absolute gain in one element, however, might be better utilised by reducing the contribution from another more costly element. For example, if a more efficient heating method were found then either heat could be maintained at the current level for a lower cost OR heat could be increased for the same cost. If heat is increased then perhaps time could be reduced whilst keeping overall cleaning power at the same level. If the opportunity cost saved by reducing cleaning cycle time is greater than the savings made by improved heating efficiencies then this configuration is optimum. In other words a gain in efficiency in one element is not always best deployed in that element.

Maximising gains In order to leverage hard won efficiency gains its is sensible to consider how they are best deployed and how they might be used to re-configure the cleaning elements mix.

The importance of water efficiency – Water is money. The true cost of water is often under appreciated.

– Raw utility bill cost per m3 of water

– Cost of filtering and sanitising if recycling wash off – Cost of caustics or other cleaning fluids

On top of this if we reduce the water needed to clean we can

– Lower Pump running costs (electricity) – Lower Maintenance costs – Longer lifetime for the pump. – Potentially use a smaller pump (reduced capex)

As the cost of energy and water are both increasing, and likely to continue to increase, reductions in water usage have significant financial benefits to any organisation. Further more the green / environmental benefits are seen as a moral imperative by many organisations. Future green legislation is only likely to increase the need for more efficient water usage.

The importance of time efficiency – Time is money. It may be a cliché but it’s still true. The time spent cleaning between production runs, whilst necessary, still represents downtime. The opportunity cost associated with this downtime will vary greatly depending on the application, but in almost all cases a reduction on cleaning cycle time will have a direct financial benefit.

Chemical and heat efficiency – Generally there will be limitations on each of these elements. Perhaps more importantly both elements have very rapidly diminishing returns after a certain point. For example, the cost associated with raising cleaning temperatures from 60o – 70o is unlikely to be worth it for most applications. It is likely that chemical and heat action will be the elements that are reduced in any efficiency drive. The typical scenario is that improved mechanical action will result in the reduction of chemical usage or lowering the temperature of cleaning.

When performing these savings calculations it is important to remember the true cost of heat and chemicals. Heat is relatively simple to calculate as it is essentially an energy cost but consideration should be given to maintenance spares and overall capex vs working life of the heating system. The cost of using chemicals should obviously include the raw cost of the chemical but also the cost of disposal of spent chemicals and recycling plant costs (if used).

The Quick Win – Often the simplest absolute efficiency gains can be found by improving the mechanical action element of the mix. These gains can then be deployed to reduce other elements of the mix, if this is appropriate.

The importance of spray nozzle selection

For any impact cleaning process water serves two purposes. Firstly it acts to dissolve residue – this is part of the chemical element of cleaning mentioned above. More importantly, however, water is the mechanism by which the mechanical action element is delivered. The efficiency of a water spray for delivering mechanical energy for cleaning will be greatly affected by the nature of the spray and thus the nozzle used.

Improving the efficiency of mechanical action – Mechanical action is essentially the process of transferring energy from a pump to the surface to be cleaned via water. As with all energy transfer systems efficiency is less than 100%. Much energy is wasted but by reducing this waste through improved nozzle selection we can significantly improve the efficiency of the tank washing system. If this is achieved then we can reduce the amount of energy/water used and achieve the same level of mechanical action.

Effective nozzle selection will obviously not directly affect pipe friction losses but it will affect losses of energy through fluid atomisation and turbulent flow.

Fluid atomisation

The process of breaking apart a fluid into droplets to form a spray pattern uses energy. This, once used, is then not available for cleaning the surface in question. The benefits of an atomised spray are that it can be formed into a full cone or flat fan pattern delivering the spray to a larger area, but this means that the overall energy transfer will be less due to the energy used in the process of atomisation.


Further energy will be lost in atomised sprays due to turbulent flow. In flat fan or full cone spray patterns the droplets are moving in a less uniform direction than in a solid stream of water. Whilst the whole fluid has a definite direction the individual droplets will have a random, turbulent, element to their motion. This effectively wastes energy meaning the overall transfer of energy in full cone and flat fan patterns is much lower than in solid stream nozzles.

So the most efficient spray system would be solid stream jet followed by a flat fan spray pattern and finally a full cone pattern (omni-directional spray nozzles can be considered as 360° full cone nozzles). Indeed the efficiencies gained can be considerable it is not untypical to require 10 times less water per square meter being cleaned. The drawback of solid stream cleaning systems is that they require a defined wash cycle time to cover the whole of the tank. This could increase clean cycle times thus adding to the cost associated with the time element of the cleaning process.

Designs of tank washing nozzle

Spray Balls

These nozzles are spheres with multiple holes producing an omni-directional spray. Whilst the individual jets may appear to be solid stream spray patterns, in actual fact, when considered together, they are better approximated to cone pattern. In terms of overall energy transfer efficiency spray balls are very inefficient. They do, however, have the advantage of being very cheap and can deliver a low impact rinse more or less instantly to the whole container.

Typical uses would include: rinsing of milk storage tanks, rinsing of fruit juice tanks, disinfecting rinses. For anything other than very light cleaning applications in small containers though it is likely that efficiencies can be gained by changing from spray balls.

Spiral Wide angle nozzles

These nozzles produce a “cone” of spray up to 270° wide. This makes them suitable for cleaning tanks by inserting them towards the top of the vessel. The spray is cone and thus inefficient at energy transfer but nevertheless offers significantly greater impact than spray balls per volume of water used. Spirals should be considered for low impact cleaning of small tanks.

Typical uses would include: rinsing and washing fluid containing vessels, rinsing of vessels containing soluble powders,

Multi-headed nozzles

Various nozzle manifold tank cleaners exist on the market. Several full cone nozzles will be positioned on a single head giving an omni-directional spray. Because multiple nozzles are being used to produce more direct sprays the impact per volume of water is increased. However the individual sprays are still full cones and thus inherently inefficient. Such systems are suitable for small-medium sized tanks that require light to moderate cleaning.

Typical uses would include: rinsing and washing fluid containing vessels, rinsing of vessels containing soluble powders,

Rotary Flat Fan Nozzles

These nozzles will have several flat fan sprays that rotate under the pressure of the fluid. The rotating flans will sweep the whole of the tank. As with static nozzles complete coverage happens only after a few moments but the nozzle spray will need to be working for while before any significant residue is removed. As a flat fan pattern is being used there is a moderately efficient energy transfer resulting in a medium impact cleaning spray.

These nozzles are often the most efficient choice for small to medium sized tanks that have moderately stubborn residues to remove.

Cleaning wine barrels, cleaning fermenting tanks, cleaning storage tanks of viscous fluids (e.g. syrups)

Rotary solid stream

These nozzles have 2,4 or 8 solid stream jets which rotate sweeping the inside of the tank. A gearing mechanism changes the angle of the rotation so over time complete cleaning of the tank is achieved.

These nozzles are by far the most energy efficient tank washers due to the solid stream jets being deployed. They are generally more expensive than other types of tank washer but for medium to large tanks or tanks with stubborn residues the additional capital expenditure is often paid for rapidly through efficiency gains.

Typical uses include: cleaning mash tuns, cleaning cooking vats, cleaning large storage silos


Quick wins can often be found by looking at the mechanical action element of the cleaning mix. The efficiency of the mechanical action delivery mechanism can often be improved by correct nozzle selection. This improvement in efficiency will mean the same contribution to over all cleaning can be achieved using less water and this water saving translates directly to a reduction in operating cost.

These gains can be further multiplied by considering how the 4 elements of the cleaning mix can be reconfigured. It may, for example, be more beneficial to reduce the heating and chemical elements of the mix rather than use all the efficiency gains to reduce water consumption. The optimum configuration of the mix will vary from application to application but regardless improvements in the mechanical action component of the mix are often a quick win with a payback time measured in weeks rather than months.

Choosing the Right Plumbing Service – What All Should You Think of?

Plumbing emergencies can happen any time and without any sort of warning. If the situation is not merely an emergency, it is better that you schedule your calls during the regular calling hours since emergency plumbing rates are quite higher than regular plumbing service rates. Below are a few tips to help you out to choose the right plumbing service whenever you are facing with a situation that requires immediate help of a plumbing service.

In today’s busy world, one of the best ways you can consider to do market researches is through online search. This saves your money, energy as well as your valuable time. This way you will be able to do comparison between various plumbing services very easily and quickly. You need to seriously look into their matters such as whether they quickly respond to your emergency or take long time to reply you.

Always remember to hire a plumbing company that comes with a quick response since they might be very responsible to fix the problems immediately. By visiting a plumbing company’s website, you will get to read the reviews of the customers. This will enable you to assess the services of a particular plumbing company and decide whether to choose it or not.

A good idea during the time of emergency is to hire a company that especially deals with plumbing emergencies. There are quite number of companies that provide emergency services at reasonable prices. You don’t have to pay an extra for their services. Also you can consider asking your relatives and friends to recommend you few reputable plumbing services in your area. They might have used few services when they met up with plumbing emergencies.

There are several plumbing services that claim to offer 24 hour service, but when you call them during the time of a plumbing emergency, they would not provide assistance. Few other plumbing companies have computerized machines that ask you to leave a message. These companies would not be helpful when you face a plumbing emergency situation.

Whenever you choose a pluming company, you must certainly choose a licensed one. This will ensure the quality of the services. Plumbing is of course one of the difficult jobs. To deal with plumbing emergencies very effectively, requires good knowledge and skills. A licensed plumber will have the right kind of equipment, knowledge, skills as well as good experience to ideally deal with the plumbing issues in your home.

French Door Window Treatments – Getting the Best Curtains For Your French Doors

There are many French door window treatments available today and this is why it’s not an easy task going out there and buying the best for your French doors. There are also many considerations that you need to take note off before spending your hard earned money on a new set of window treatments that might or might not suits your own French doors very well.

For example you might want to check how much light you want the curtains to let in the house. Also what type of room decor you have, will the style you buy fit in nicely with the rest of the furniture? And let’s not forget about the fact that you need to spend money on it. How much money are you willing to spend on your new drapes? All these should not be overlooked when buying your new window treatments for home.

One of the best types I can personally recommend are the Honeycomb ones. They are very common and popular among many homeowners. The fact that they are available in many styles is a big plus. Very durable in quality, they have also a softness to them that people love. The reason for their interesting name is the fact that they have layers of air pockets made in the form of a honeycomb. This allows the temperature to be regulated at all times, enhancing the room insulation. Of course the more honeycombs you have on your drapes, the better the insulation.

You can find the Honeycomb drapes in either single, double or triple style. The single one doesn’t provide as much insulation as the double, which provides less than the triple. Also if you get curtains with larger pleats you are better off than going for smaller ones. A popular version seems to be the one with 3/8 inches double cell shades that have a really reasonable price tag attached to them. So as you can see, proper insulation is a major consideration when buying your new French or patio door window treatments, such as the patio door curtains.

You can easily find drapes with strong light filtering if you have rooms in the house such as a media room or others that need to be dark for longer periods of time. Also some added features of these curtains are them being motorized and the availability of the top-down versions, as opposed to bottom-up, which are the most common ones on the market today.

Finally let’s not forget about Roman blinds, which are very popular as well for French doors. These are a very powerful alternative if room decor is a strong point in getting French door window treatments. They are available at a really good price nowadays.

Five Reasons to Hire a Contractor: The Best Moves for Home Improvement

For certain flourishes around the house, it makes sense to try it oneself before calling in the professionals. After all, anyone can change a light, figure out how to put up a little bit of shelving, or even switch out a lock on the front door for a new one, depending on the kind of tools that are present. But the trouble comes when there are other improvements to be made instead, the kind that require a bit of a steady hand that won’t cause long-term damage that some homeowners end up inflicting upon their living space on accident. And while it’s a good idea to try certain home improvements on one’s own, hiring a contractor is often a better solution for others. Here are five reasons to go with a pro.

#1 – Less stress if something goes wrong. Sure, it’s definitely an uncomfortable situation to be dealing with the possibility that something could happen that’s not meant to be while a professional is working on home repairs, but it’s a lot more stressful (and dangerous) when it happens if a loved one was in charge of the mistake. Don’t put spouses or significant others in the situation where they can be culpable for the mistake; go with a contractor instead.

#2 – A more efficient experience. Someone who is seasoned in the art of replacing windows and handling other changes for electricity and plumbing-related concerns is going to be able to accomplish work quicker, meaning less time learning as things progress. And that’s far better than dealing with someone who can’t keep that sort of pace.

#3 – The ability to communicate what needs to be done–and then see it done. For those who have tried to take on the process of making repairs around the house only to find out that it’s a completely different sort of experience than what was expected, the chance to tell someone clearly what is desired and then to see it happen is definitely a relief. Choosing a contractor for home repairs means being able to do that, rather than be surprised along the way when things aren’t working out properly.

#4 – It will end up costing less. If something goes wrong during any kind of home improvement procedure, then the person who screwed up has to pay to get it fixed, and then pay for a professional to help out. And that’s just not going to be cost-effective for those on a tight budget. Spend the money only once–to hire someone who can get the job done properly.

#5 – It will be done when it needs to be done. One of the worst things that happens when people try to take on projects that are overly ambitious is that things end up taking far too long. And if it’s something that’s more straightforward, it’s not as important. But if it is something that is related to the seasons and the weather and a change is rapidly approaching, it can mean a less pleasant experience once the mercury drops. With a professional contractor, home repair projects will get done when they need to.

Implement Decorate Design Plans to Beautify Your House

Interior design is one of the most important ways used by many homeowners to adorn their homes. It is a complicated process and involves many steps. The first is planning of all the interior space angles by a professional. It is always better that one takes help from the best designers in the business. Homeowners have a great penchant to do some decorate design for the house.

Interior redesign is also a process, which is quite similar to interior decoration. However, it increases the value of the home so that homeowners can benefit from it. Unlike interior decoration it’s not focused on making the home more attractive for prospective buyers. Home staging on the other hand includes increasing the value of the house by adding showcases so that buyers genuinely become interested in it. This process also involves use of extra furniture and change of the wall colors along with lighting fixtures.

Nowadays, the process of interior decorate design also involves use of technical solutions so that the designers are able to get an ample idea about what looks best in the house. The buyers can use models like CADD so that they are able to see the house in a 3D model. The interior design of any house should adhere to all the building codes and the legal requirements. The designer should see that the design is able to sustain itself environmentally.

Such process also includes taking the needs of the client into consideration so that he is completely satisfied with the look of the house. It involves exploring his various ideas, which are mixed with the creativity of the designer to produce a visually appealing decor of the house. Interior design involves changing every aspect of the house including its bedroom color scheme, curtains and the furniture of the house. Even the location of power outlets will be changed in such a plan.

Interior decorate design process involves making heavy changes to the house. It is done so that homeowners are able to refresh their own surroundings. They want to make their house a better to live, so opt for this procedure. Such changes are mandatory as per the lifestyle needs of the homeowners. They are done so that the house is able to adopt better to the lifestyle of a person. Changes in flooring, windows and lighting fixtures are also made as a part of such interior decoration plans.

The interior decoration is a vast topic and homeowners have to choose all the necessary ingredients with caution. Anything goes wrong and the entire house looks like a mess. Therefore, it has to take care of aspects the freedom of movement in the house after the decoration plan has been implemented. In addition, the room’s view should be beautiful after the introduction of plan. The entire decoration of the room should be balanced so that too many decoration pieces are not placed in one corner. A homeowner also has to focus on all the aspects if he wants to rent the house.